Note in Science page
Created Jul 07 14, Updated Jul 07 14 11:03
Becoming very good at something takes more than practice go to comments

The stupid “10,000-hour rule” (coined in Malcolm Gladwell’s 2008 book “Outliers”) says that amount of practice is the key to success in any field… It pleases talentless people but apparently reality doesn’t support the theory (that was never “tested” before!)

Becoming an expert takes more than practice

The new research, from psychological scientist Brooke Macnamara of Princeton and colleagues, offers a counterpoint to this recent trend, suggesting that the amount of practice accumulated over time does not seem to play a huge role in accounting for individual differences in skill or performance in domains including music, games, sports, professions and education.


© princeton.edu

Original article: Deliberate Practice and Performance in Music, Games, Sports, Education, and Professions

Abstract:

More than 20 years ago, researchers proposed that individual differences in performance in such domains as music, sports, and games largely reflect individual differences in amount of deliberate practice, which was defined as engagement in structured activities created specifically to improve performance in a domain. This view is a frequent topic of popular-science writing?but is it supported by empirical evidence? To answer this question, we conducted a meta-analysis covering all major domains in which deliberate practice has been investigated. We found that deliberate practice explained 26% of the variance in performance for games, 21% for music, 18% for sports, 4% for education, and less than 1% for professions. We conclude that deliberate practice is important, but not as important as has been argued.”


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